In proportion to its population, Israel has the largest number of startup companies in the world. In absolute terms, Israel has more startup companies than any other country in the world, except the US. On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of biotech startups.

A quick look at some familiar technology:

  • The cell phone was developed in Israel by Israelis working in the Israeli branch of Motorola.
  • Most of the Windows NT and XP operating systems were developed by Microsoft-Israel.
  • The Pentium MMX Chip technology was designed in Israel at Intel. Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor and the Centrino processor were entirely designed, developed and produced in Israel.
  • Voice mail technology was developed in Israel.
  • The first PC anti-virus software was developed in Israel.

Tracing explosives

Israel's Traceguard Technologies is developing automated explosive trace extraction technology that will identify people trying to carry live explosives onto planes or into crowded areas.  Packages and luggage will be put in an inspection container that will have the capacity to extract air particles from inner and outer surfaces detecting traces of explosive materials.

Moving messages

Static billboards and signs are becoming a thing of the past. Many major retail chains in the U.S. now use technology developed by Israel's Minicom Advances Systems to deliver dynamic digital images onto plasma screens and monitors.  One computer can send these images to hundreds of sites.

Earthquake warning

Earthquake Alert, developed by Israeli Meir Gitlis of Antipus, is the size of a shoe box and can be used anywhere. Operating on seismological principles and utilizing a series of pendulums, it picks up primary waves that are the forerunners to an earthquake -- providing people with opportunity to seek cover. The waves are relayed through an electronic circuit to a chip which is able to tell whether the waves are from an earthquake, or sonic bomb, or bomb. It is accurate and does not give off false warnings.

Electronic pen

An electronic pen, developed by Pegasus, an Israeli company, is going to make it possible to to write on ordinary paper, and immediately transmit what has been written into a computer, wireless telephone, personal digital assistant (PDA), or mobile computer, and to transmit the written material by e-mail or fax.

The electronic pen looks like an ordinary pen that writes on paper. Electronic components including a small ultrasonic transmitter are installed in the pen. The receiving unit is then equipped with ultrasonic receivers with very strong processing capacity. Data is constantly processed to obtain a continuous image of what is being written.

Anti-jelly fish lotion

Israeli scientists have seized on the secrets of the tiny orange clown fish to produce a lotion they say fends off the nemesis of swimmers everywhere: the sting of the jellyfish. A cream developed by Amit Lotan, a marine biologist, and his molecular scientist wife, Tamar, mimics the defensive secretions of the clown fish, which lives, without being stung, in the wavering tentacles of the sea anemone, a type of jellyfish. This is the first anti-jelly fish lotion ever developed.

Blackout protection

SATEC, a company in Jerusalem, has developed a system called ExpertPower that is designed to prevent massive blackouts (such as the one suffered by parts of N. America in the summer of 2003). Actually, the developers see the current grid systems for distributing power as antiquated. Their system calls for computer management of energy distribution that would pinpoint a problem immediately.

Biodegradable diapers

An Israeli startup called Exotech has developed a new 100 percent biodegradable absorbent polymer that can be used in disposable diapers (that in current form take forever to biodegrade).

Cell phone memory

An Israel startup called NaturalWidget has developed the NaturalRecorder, first of its kind technology that allows mobile phone users to retain important information from their phone conversations by automatically recording phone calls without any user intervention. The user can then playback, save, or delete the phone conversations at his or her convenience.

Tracking people

The Israeli company Ituran has developed a new system called the Personal Alarm & Locator (PAL. The size of a standard pager, it is the first wearable location, tracking, and alarm device that can keep track of any person or object 24 hours a day, wherever he is.

Based on the high-tech tracking system to locate downed pilots for the Israel Air Force, the Ituran technology is considered by many to be more reliable than the Global Positioning System (GPS) which relies on continuous, uninterrupted direct sky contact to successfully track and locate targets. By contrast, Ituran uses a terrestrial network of base stations to effectively track and communicate with mobile objects using a technology which is largely immune to electromagnetic disturbances and operates reliably even within dense urban environments and indoors.